Boris Johnson Withdrawal Agreement Votes: A Comprehensive Analysis

In the world of UK politics, the term “brexit” has become synonymous with chaos, confusion, and a deep-seated sense of uncertainty. Following numerous delays, false starts and broken promises, the UK is set to leave the European Union on 31 January 2020. However, before that can happen, Prime Minister Boris Johnson must navigate through a series of withdrawal agreement votes.

So, what exactly is a withdrawal agreement? And what do these votes mean for the UK`s future relationship with the EU? In this article, we`ll take a closer look at the Boris Johnson withdrawal agreement votes and what they could mean for the future of the UK.

What is a withdrawal agreement?

A withdrawal agreement is a legal document that sets out the terms of the UK`s exit from the EU. This includes everything from the financial settlement that the UK must pay, to the rights of EU citizens living in the UK and UK citizens living in the EU. The withdrawal agreement also provides for a transition period, during which the UK will continue to observe all EU laws and regulations.

Why are the withdrawal agreement votes so important?

The withdrawal agreement votes are crucial because they will determine whether or not the UK can leave the EU with a deal. If the withdrawal agreement is accepted, the UK will be able to leave the EU on 31 January 2020 with a deal in place. However, if the agreement is rejected, the UK would leave the EU without a deal on the same date, which could have significant economic and social consequences.

What are the key elements of Boris Johnson`s withdrawal agreement?

Boris Johnson`s withdrawal agreement is largely similar to the agreement negotiated by his predecessor, Theresa May. However, there are a few key differences that have been the subject of much debate.

One of the most contentious issues is the proposed “backstop” arrangement for the Irish border. The backstop is essentially a safety net that would ensure that there is no hard border between Northern Ireland (which is part of the UK) and the Republic of Ireland (which is an EU member state). This is crucial for maintaining peace and stability in the region. However, many MPs (including some in Johnson`s own Conservative party) have raised concerns that the backstop could tie the UK to EU rules indefinitely.

Another key point of contention is the so-called “level playing field” provisions. These are designed to ensure that UK businesses do not gain an unfair advantage over their EU counterparts by lowering standards on issues such as workers` rights, environmental protection and state aid. However, some MPs have raised concerns that this could limit the UK`s ability to strike free trade deals with other countries.

What are the possible outcomes of the withdrawal agreement votes?

There are a few possible outcomes of the withdrawal agreement votes. If the agreement is passed, the UK will leave the EU on 31 January 2020 with a deal in place. However, if the agreement is rejected, there are several possible scenarios.

Firstly, the government could attempt to renegotiate the agreement with the EU. However, this is unlikely to be successful, as the EU has repeatedly stated that the current agreement cannot be reopened.

Secondly, the UK could leave the EU without a deal on 31 January 2020. This would be highly disruptive, as it would result in the UK immediately ceasing to be part of the EU single market and customs union. This could have significant economic consequences, particularly in sectors that rely heavily on exports to the EU.

Finally, the UK could request a further extension to the Brexit deadline. This would require unanimous agreement from the other 27 EU member states, and would likely result in the UK participating in the upcoming European Parliament elections in May 2020.


The Boris Johnson withdrawal agreement votes are a crucial moment in the UK`s history. While the outcome is far from certain, it is clear that the decision will have profound implications for the UK`s future relationship with the EU. As the UK prepares to leave the EU on 31 January 2020, it is essential that all MPs and citizens carefully consider the potential consequences of each possible outcome of the withdrawal agreement votes.